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Water and Soil Sampling and Monitoring

Projects that involve the discharge of dredge or fill materials into waters of the United States, including wetlands, are regulated by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers under Sections 401 and 404 of the Clean Water Act of 1972.

Copperhead Consulting conducts soil and water quality monitoring on surface and ground waters when the proposed project may affect jurisdictional streams. Sites for surface water analysis are predetermined on major creeks and tributaries while ground water monitoring includes sampling potable and non-potable well water and searching for seeps and springs within the impacted project zone. Surface water and seep and spring surveys also require flow measurements to be taken at each visit. Well monitoring includes determining water depth and recharge time. We collect water and soil samples for lab analysis, and field water chemistry parameters (e.g., pH, specific conductivity, etc.) using a Manta Multiprobe and Amphibian Field Display Unit. Surface water sites also require stream morphology measurements be taken in order to produce a graphical representation of the stream channel. Soil chemistry results are used to determine presence of particular pollutants or to determine appropriate parameters for revegetation. Examples of projects that may require Section 401 permit and Section 404 water quality certification are stream relocations, road crossings, stream bank protection, construction of boat ramps, placing fill, grading, dredging, ditching, mechanically clearing a wetland, building in a wetland, constructing a dam or dike, and stream diversions.

Among our clients are mining and engineering firms with whom we work closely in order to collect accurate data.

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